Jan Gan Man National Anthem of India

Jan Gan Man National Anthem of India: A Symbol of Unity in Diversity

The Jan Gan Man national anthem of India is not just a song but a resonating symbol of the country’s unity in diversity. Composed by the Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, this anthem encapsulates the essence of India’s vast cultural, linguistic, and geographical diversity.

Origins and Significance

The national anthem was first sung at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on December 27, 1911. Written in highly Sanskritized Bengali, the anthem reflects the rich literary tradition of Bengal and Tagore’s profound poetic genius. It was officially adopted as the national anthem of India on January 24, 1950.

Lyrics and Meaning

The lyrics of the national anthem are as follows:

Original Bengali:

জন গণ মন অধিনায়ক জয় হে
ভারত ভাগ্য বিধাতা
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা
দ্রাবিড় উৎকল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা
উচ্ছল জলধি তরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে
তব শুভ আশিষ মাগে
গাহে তব জয়গাথা
জন গণ মঙ্গলদায়ক জয় হে
ভারত ভাগ্য বিধাতা
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে
জয় জয় জয়, জয় হে॥

Translation in English:

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of the Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, and Maratha,
Of the Dravid, Orissa, and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
Mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganges,
And is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.

Versions in Different Indian Languages

India is a land of linguistic diversity, and the Jan Gan Man national anthem has been translated into numerous languages to reflect this rich tapestry. Here are some notable versions:


जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्य विधाता
पंजाब सिन्ध गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंग
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे
गाहे तव जय गाथा
जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
भारत भाग्य विधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय, जय हे॥


ஜன கண மன அதிநாயக ஜய ஹே
பாரத பாக்கிய விதாதா
பஞ்சாப் சிந்து குசராத் மராத்தா
திராவிட உத் கல பங்க
விந்த்ய ஹிமாசல யமுனா கங்கை
உச்சல ஜலதி தரங்க
தவ ஷுப நாமே ஜாகே
தவ ஷுப ஆஷிஷ மாகே
காஹே தவ ஜெயகாதா
ஜன கண மங்களதாயக ஜய ஹே
பாரத பாக்கிய விதாதா
ஜய ஹே, ஜய ஹே, ஜய ஹே
ஜய ஜய ஜய, ஜய ஹே॥


జన గణ మన అధినాయక జయ హే
భారత భాగ్య విధాత
పంజాబ్ సింధు గుజరాత్ మరాఠా
ద్రావిడ ఉత్కల బంగ
వింద్య హిమాచల్ యమునా గంగ
ఉచ్చల జలధి తరంగ
తవ శుభ నామే జాగే
తవ శుభ ఆశిష మాగే
గాహే తవ జయ గాధా
జన గణ మంగళదాయక జయ హే
భారత భాగ్య విధాత
జయ హే, జయ హే, జయ హే
జయ జయ జయ, జయ హే॥

Cultural Impact

The national anthem is more than just a song; it is an embodiment of India’s national identity and pride. It is performed at various national events, in schools, and during official ceremonies, serving as a reminder of the country’s shared heritage and values.

Anthem Etiquette

Standing up while the national anthem is played is a mark of respect and patriotism. The Indian constitution mandates that the anthem should be sung in 52 seconds. This practice is strictly followed in all official and public events.


The national anthem of India is a beautiful reflection of the country’s unity amidst diversity. Through its powerful lyrics and the universal message of peace and harmony, it continues to inspire millions of Indians. Whether sung in Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, or any other language, the anthem remains a unifying force, echoing the spirit of one nation, one identity.

By celebrating the Jan Gan Man national anthem, we honor the diverse cultures, languages, and traditions that make India truly incredible.


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